Automatic Subgenre Classification of Heavy Metal Music
Electronicore also known as synthcore or simply electronic hardcore describes a stylistic fusion of post-hardcore and electronic music, specifically electronica. Notable artists of this genre have originated from England, Sweden, and Japan. The name is an amalgam of the names of the two genres, distinguished by its emphasis on "breakdowns", which are slow, intense passages that are conducive to moshing.
Some of examples i've included here also tend to incorporate complex melodic riffing over their breakdowns. The word "djent" is an onomatopoeia for the distinctive high-gain, distorted palm-muted, low pitch guitar sound most notably employed by bands like Meshuggah and Sikth. It also incorporates drawn out "drone" sounds or progressive guiltar leads over the palm muting rhythms.
Many djent bands also substitute slower soloing for the "drone" riffing in more mainstream Djent bands. Melodic Death Metal or "Melodeath", in short, is basically an amalgamation of the death metal and power metal on this list. The style originated and developed in Sweden and the United Kingdom during the early and mids.
Some bands strictly use death-growls, but many other melodic metal bands still include clean vocals. Depending on the band's style, the song may incorporate synths, full symphonic orchestras, choirs, and sometimes even opera-style singing. Metal fans who hate cookie-monster death growls or fry screams will easily be able to find this genre enjoyable.
The 1st Black metal wave came from thrash-like style bands in the s Venom , a 2nd wave from Norway in the s Burzum, Darkthrone, Emperor , the much hated 3rd "gothic" wave in the s Cradle of Filth? Overall, the Black Metal scene strives to be inaccessible to the mainstream and outsiders who are not committed. For now I'll just showcase the mainstream. If you want to explore further, definitely check out the 2nd wave Norwegians but be warned, it's not easy-listening for metal rookies. These songs mostly include symphonic melodic elements as easier listening for unintegrated newcomers.
Any present melodies are usually played in minor keys, abrupt tempo, and chromatic chord progressions. For this list I've toned down the quanitity of Tech Met to make it easier to listen to. Either way, the lyrical themes of death metal strive to be "Br00tal", invoking slasher film-stylized mutilation, Lovecraftian horror, Viking mythology, and extreme violence dissection, torture, cannibalism, and necrophilia.
The genre has also occasionally concentrated around dark, morbid, or dystopian themes due to influence from the black metal scene during the early s. The whole country is bizarro world, they do everything we do but in a strange, uncomfortable way I went out of my way to pick normal-looking videos and decent sounding songs, some with English lyrics. But regardless of the language it's sung in, it will still feel somewhat alien Especially "BabyMetal" and "Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas". It is characterized by the widespread use of folk instruments and, to a lesser extent, traditional singing styles.
Cajun Louisiana music that tends to sound more like early country, with the use of steel guitar and acoustic guitar along with the older traditional instruments -- fiddle, triangle and accordion. Cajun music is typically a waltz or two step. Caribbean The music of the Caribbean is a diverse grouping of musical genres. They are each syntheses of African, European, Indian and native influences. Some of the styles to gain wide popularity outside of the Caribbean include reggae, zouk, salsa and calypso. Celtic Celtic music is a broad grouping of musical genres that evolved out of the folk musical traditions of the Celtic peoples of Western Europe.
Most typically, the term Celtic music is applied to the music of Ireland and Scotland, because both places have produced well-known distinctive styles which actually have genuine commonality and clear mutual influences. The music of Wales, Cornwall, Isle of Man, Brittany, Northumbria and Galicia are also frequently considered a part of Celtic music, the Celtic tradition being particularly strong in Brittany, where Celtic festivals large and small take place throughout the year.
Finally, the music of ethnically Celtic peoples abroad are also considered, especially in Canada and the United States. Christian Christian music refers to music created by Christian artists or adapted to deliver general Christian religion themes.
Classical Classical music is generally a classification covering music composed and performed by professionally trained artists. Classical music is a written tradition. It is composed and written using music notation, and as a rule is performed faithfully to the score. In common usage, "classical music" often refers to orchestral music in general, regardless of when it was composed or for what purpose film scores and orchestral arrangements on pop music recordings, for example. The accordion and the bajo sexto is the music's most characteristic instruments.
Dixieland Jazz Dixieland developed in New Orleans, Louisiana at the start of the 20th century, and spread to Chicago, Illinois and New York City, New York by New Orleans bands in the s, and was, for a period, quite popular among the general public. It is often considered the first true type of jazz, and was the first music referred to by the term jazz before often spelled jass.
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East Coast hip hop emerged as a definitive subgenre after artists from other regions of the United States chiefly the West Coast emerged with different styles of hip-hop. It has since grown into a major subgenre of hip hop, and has played an instrumental role in hip hop history. East Coast hip hop has developed several creative epicenters and local scenes within the Northeastern United States, most of which are primarily located within African-American and Hispanic urban centers.
Easy Listening Easy Listening is a term used to describe a certain style of popular music which emphasizes simple, catchy melodies and cool, laid-back harmonics and rhythms, suitable for dancing. Easy listening emerged in the mid 20th century. Other terms used by fans of this style today include Lounge and Lounge Core, connecting it to the cocktail lounge culture of the s and s.
Electronica Electronica is a rather vague term that covers a wide range of electronic or electronic-influenced music. The term has been defined by some to mean modern electronic music that is not necessarily designed for the dance-floor, but rather for home listening. In the mids, the term became popular as a means of referring to the then-novel mainstream success of post-Rave global electronic dance music.
Prior to the adoption of "electronica" as a blanket term for more experimental dance music, terms such as "electronic listening music," "braindance" and "intelligent dance music" IDM were common.
Heavy metal music meets complexity and sustainability science
Emo Emo is a subgenre of hardcore punk music. In its original incarnation, the term emo was used to describe the music of the mids DC scene and its associated bands. In later years, the term emocore, short for "emotional hardcore", was also used to describe the DC scene and some of the regional scenes that spawned from it.
The term emo was derived from the fact that, on occasion, members of a band would become spontaneously and literally emotional during performances. Flamenco Flamenco is a song, music and dance style which is strongly influenced by the Gitanos Spanish Gypsies , but which has its deeper roots in Moorish and Jewish musical traditions. Originally, flamenco consisted of unaccompanied singing cante. Later the songs were accompanied by flamenco guitar toque , rhythmic hand clapping palmas , rhythmic feet stomping zapateado and dance baile.
The toque and baile are also often found without the cante, although the song remains at the heart of the flamenco tradition. Folk Music by and of the common people, folks is a down-to-earth style focusing on universal truths, often with traditional acoustic instrumentation and a simple melody. Folk music arose in societies not yet affected by mass communication and the commercialization of culture. It was originally shared and performed by an entire community -- not by a special class of expert performers -- and was transmitted by word of mouth.
Funk Funk is a distinct style of music originated by African-Americans, e. Funk best can be recognized by its syncopated three against four rhythms; thick bass line often based on an "on the one" beat ; razor-sharp rhythm guitars; chanted or hollered vocals as that of Marva Whitney or the Bar-Kays ; strong, rhythm-oriented horn sections; prominent percussion; an upbeat attitude; African tones; danceability; and strong jazz influences e. Fusion At the time of its origin, Fusion was a blend of Jazz with the aggressive qualities of Rock.
Today it can represent a blending of any two or more styles. Garage Rock A simple, raw form of rock and roll that emerged in the mids, largely in the United States. The term "garage rock" comes from the perception that many such performers were young and amateurish, and often rehearsed in a family garage this stereotype also evokes a suburban, middle-class setting. Largely inspired by British Invasion bands like The Beatles, The Kinks, The Who and The Rolling Stones, these groups mostly played a homespun variation on British Invasion rock -- although other influences were also apparent, especially the surf music style that immediately preceded the garage era.
Most of the bands used simple chord progressions, pounding drums, and short, repetitive lyrics. Gospel Gospel music may refer either to the religious music that first came out of African-American churches in the 's or, more loosely, to both black gospel music and to the religious music composed and sung by white southern Christian artists.
While the separation between the two styles was never absolute -- both drew from the Methodist hymnal and artists in one tradition sometimes sang songs belonging to the other -- the sharp division between black and white America, particularly black and white churches, kept the two apart. While those divisions have lessened slightly in the past fifty years, the two traditions are still distinct.
It tends to be characterised by dominant vocals often with strong use of harmony referencing lyrics of a religious nature.
Goth Gothic rock evolved out of post-punk during the late s. While most punk bands focused on aggressive, outward rock, the early gothic bands were more introverted and personal, with elements that can be traced to much older literary movements such as gothic horror, Romanticism, existential philosophy, and the philosophical construct of nihilism.
Grunge Sometimes also referred to as the Seattle Sound A genre of alternative rock inspired by hardcore punk, heavy metal, and indie rock. It became commercially successful in the late s and early s, peaking in mainstream popularity between and Bands from cities in the Pacific Northwest of the United States, such as Seattle, Washington, Olympia, Washington, and Portland, Oregon, created grunge and later made it popular with mainstream audiences.
The genre is closely associated with Generation X in the US, since it was popularized in tandem with the rise in popularity of the generation's name. The popularity of grunge was one of the earliest phenomena that distinguished the popular music of the s from that of the s. Grunge music is generally characterized by "dirty" guitar, strong riffs, and heavy drumming.
Heavy Metal Also referred to as simply metal A form of music characterised by aggressive, driving rhythms and highly amplified distorted guitars. Its origins lie in the hard rock bands who, between and , took blues and rock and created a hybrid with a heavy, guitar-and-drums-centered sound. From the late s on, many bands would fuse this sound with a revival of European classical music.
Heavy metal had its peak popularity in the s, during which many of the now existing subgenres first evolved. Hip Hop Music composed of four main elements: rapping also known as emceeing , disk jockeying, breakdancing and graffiti. Most typically, hip hop music consists of one or more rappers who chant semi-autobiographic tales, often relating to a fictionalized counterpart, in an intensely rhythmic lyrical form, making abundant use of techniques like assonance, alliteration, and rhyme.
The rapper is accompanied by an instrumental track, usually referred to as a "beat" because of the emphasis on rhythm, performed by a DJ, a record producer, or one or more instrumentalists. This beat is often created using a sample of the percussion break of another song, usually a funk, rock, or soul recording. In addition to the beat, other sounds are often sampled, synthesized, or performed. Sometimes, a track can be made up of just the beat by itself, as a showcase of the skills of the DJ or producer.
AUTOMATIC SUBGENRE CLASSIFICATION OF HEAVY METAL MUSIC
Honky Tonk The first genre of music to be commonly known as honky tonk music was a style of piano playing related to ragtime, but emphasizing rhythm more than melody or harmony, since the style evolved in response to an environment where the pianos were often poorly cared for, tending to be out of tune and having some nonfunctioning keys. House Named after its birthplace, the Warehouse, a club in Chicago, House is in many ways an electronic extension of Disco.
Indie A genre of alternative rock that primarily exists in the indie underground music scene. The term is sometimes used interchangeably with indie music as a whole, though more specifically implies that the music meets the criteria of being rock, as opposed to indie pop or other possible matchups. These criteria vary from an emphasis on rock instrumentation electric guitars, bass guitar, live drums, and vocals to more abstract and debatable rockist constructions of authenticity.
Industrial Industrial music is a loose term for a number of different styles of electronic and experimental music. The first wave of this music appeared in with Throbbing Gristle and NON, and often featured tape editing, stark percussion, and loops distorted to the point where they had degraded to harsh noise.
Vocals were sporadic, and were as likely to be bubblegum pop as they were to be abrasive polemics. Blending electronic synthesisers, guitars and early samplers, these bands created an aggressive and abrasive music fusing elements of rock with experimental electronic music. Jazz Jazz music has been called the first original art form to develop within the US. It grew out of a cross-fertilization of folk blues, ragtime, and European band music.
Table 1 from Automatic subgenre classification of heavy metal music - Semantic Scholar
Although there have been many renowned jazz vocalists, and many of the most well-known jazz tunes have lyrics, it is primarily an instrumental form of music. The instrument most closely associated with jazz is the saxophone, followed by the trumpet. The trombone, piano, double bass, guitar and drums are also primary jazz instruments. It is characterized by blue notes, syncopation, swing, call and response, and polyrhythm, yet the single most distinguishing characteristic of jazz is improvisation.
Jazz also tends to utilize complex chord structures and an advanced sense of harmony, and requires a high degree of technical skill and musical knowledge from the performers. According to leading DJs, Jungle conveys a party atmosphere with Reggae inspired bass, while Drum 'n' Bass is considered to be more intelligent listening music.